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Exploring Romania: A Traveler’s Guide


Romania, a hidden gem in Eastern Europe, offers a unique blend of natural beauty, rich history, and vibrant culture. From the dramatic landscapes of the Carpathian Mountains to the medieval charm of Transylvania, and the lively energy of Bucharest, Romania is a captivating destination for travelers seeking authentic experiences. This guide will help you plan your trip and discover the best that Romania has to offer.

Getting There

Romania is accessible by air through its major airports, with Henri Coandă International Airport in Bucharest being the largest. Many European cities offer direct flights to Romania. You can also enter Romania by train, bus, or car from neighboring countries. Check visa requirements before your trip, as Romania is part of the Schengen Area but has its own visa policy.


The official currency is the Romanian Leu (RON). Credit cards are widely accepted in urban areas, but it’s advisable to carry cash for smaller towns and rural regions.


Romanian is the official language, but English is widely spoken in larger cities and tourist areas. Learning a few basic Romanian phrases can be helpful and appreciated by the locals.


Romania has an extensive transportation network. Bucharest offers public transportation options, including buses, trams, and a metro system. For exploring the countryside, trains, buses, and rental cars are suitable choices. When driving, be aware of the road conditions and traffic regulations.

Bucharest – The Capital

Bucharest, Romania’s capital and largest city, is a dynamic metropolis with a mix of modern and historic elements. Explore the city’s diverse neighborhoods, each offering unique experiences:

1. Old Town (Lipscani): Discover the historic heart of Bucharest, with its charming streets, trendy cafes, and bustling nightlife. Don’t miss the Palace of Parliament, the world’s heaviest building, and the beautiful Atheneum.

2. Herastrau Park: Stroll around the stunning Herastrau Park, surrounding a lake with opportunities for boat rides. The park also features the Village Museum, showcasing traditional Romanian architecture.

3. Cotroceni Palace: Visit the Cotroceni Palace, the official residence of the Romanian president, with its beautiful gardens and historical significance.

Transylvania – Medieval Charm

Transylvania, a region famous for its rich history and enchanting landscapes, offers a glimpse into medieval Romania:

1. Brasov: Explore the medieval city of Brasov with its iconic Black Church, the Council Square, and the picturesque Rope Street. Take a trip to the nearby Bran Castle, often linked with the Dracula legend.

2. Sibiu: Sibiu’s Old Town boasts well-preserved medieval architecture, and the Brukenthal National Museum is a must-visit. The city’s squares are full of history and culture.

3. Sighisoara: Visit the birthplace of Vlad the Impaler in the charming town of Sighisoara, known for its medieval citadel.

Natural Wonders

Romania is blessed with exceptional natural beauty, making it a paradise for outdoor enthusiasts:

1. The Carpathian Mountains: Hikers and nature lovers can explore the Carpathians, a range offering breathtaking landscapes, forests, and wildlife. The Bucegi and Făgăraș Mountains are popular hiking destinations.

2. Transfagarasan Highway: Drive along the Transfagarasan Highway, one of the most scenic roads in the world, offering jaw-dropping views and access to the Vidraru Dam.

3. Danube Delta: Discover the unique biodiversity of the Danube Delta, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, by taking a boat trip through the intricate waterways.

Cultural Experiences

Romania’s cultural heritage is diverse, with influences from various civilizations, resulting in a rich tapestry of traditions:

1. Peles Castle: Explore Peles Castle, a stunning example of Neo-Renaissance architecture nestled in the Carpathian Mountains.

2. Painted Monasteries of Northern Moldova: Visit the Painted Monasteries, renowned for their vibrant frescoes and intricate religious art.

3. Traditional Villages: Immerse yourself in rural life by visiting traditional villages like Maramures, known for its wooden churches and authentic traditions.

Local Cuisine

Romanian cuisine is hearty and flavorful, with dishes like mămăligă (cornmeal porridge), sarmale (cabbage rolls), and mici (grilled sausages). Don’t forget to savor the delicious desserts, including papanasi (fried doughnuts with sour cream and jam). Try local wines and the plum brandy, țuică, for a complete gastronomic experience.

Safety and Health

Romania is generally safe for travelers. However, standard safety precautions are advisable. Medical facilities are available and of good quality, but having travel insurance is recommended.


Romania’s diverse landscapes, historic treasures, and warm hospitality make it an intriguing destination for travelers. From the lively streets of Bucharest to the medieval charm of Transylvania and the natural wonders of the Carpathian Mountains, Romania has much to offer. Plan your journey, explore its hidden gems, and immerse yourself in the culture and history of this enchanting Eastern European country.